HISTORICAL COMMENTS ON THE ORIGIN OF THE HOUSE "LA MANYOSA"
The First Historical News is a documentary reference that assures the existence of a small monastery made up of seven monks who led a hermitic life in it around the year 866.
The legend tells of the construction of a church in the place where the shepherds always saw a light on. Possibly it was the pre-Romanesque church whose foundations have been found attached to the margin of the rock.
This primitive construction, of Visigothic origin, was demolished in the 10th century due to the Saracen raids from Almanzor.
In a notarial document from the 11th century, the existence of a chapel halfway between Castro Granaria and Castro Terciolo, the current castles of Granera and Castellterçol, is mentioned, at the same time that it refers to the fact that the chapels of Sant Llogari, this one and the one in Sant Julià d ´Uxiols.
In another parchment of the episcopal archive of Vic it is stated that a certain Guillem de Mediona, a Levite, left, in his will, to the canonical church of Vic the castle of Aguilar with its allodios, and the parishes of Sant Andréu and Sant Fruitós and the castle of Caldes de Montbui, so that his son would be admitted as a clergyman, and he also left the allode of Subiradells and that of "Mananos" and the castle of Clariana with the allodes of Ia Serra and Vilanova.
But at the beginning of the 12th century the ecclesiastical sovereignty was disputed by the Vic miter and the abbey of L´estany, and surely taking advantage of this situation, Count Ramón Berenguer III established there a Templar encomienda, one of the first to be established in the country. as the document in the Archive of the Crown of Aragon seems to confirm, in which his son Ramón Berenguer IV extends his donations to the Templars; the document, translated from Latin, says so;
“I, Ramón Berenguer, count of Barcelona and prince of Aragon, give and cede to the master of the Temple Poncio Hugo de Tenes if he entrusts the places and farmhouses of Salvatges, Coll d´Ases, Puigdomenech, El Agulló, the Sierra de Sant Joan and the shady area of Vilanova, expanding what my dear father gave as a foundation, and the Temple committing itself to establish a watchtower in the upper part of the place called Roc Castellar and to rebuild and fortify the palace that my father gave. Given in Barcelona on the Ides of March 1135, year of the Lord "
From this document we deduce the strategic importance of the Templar bailiwick in the regional divide of Bages, Valles and Osona, establishing a Templar axis from Puigreig, Palau d ´Aliga, Palau del Vallès and Barcelona. Possibly it was here that he professed in the order of the Templar Roger de Flor, who after defending Acre, was head of the Almogávars of the East.
Around 1370, King Pedro III, called the Ceremonious, gave and granted the privileges of the brotherhood of Ballesters Caçadors de la Ploma, which was established in the old Templar Casal. During the reign of John I, the "lover of all kindness" also called the Hunter, the congregation and its assets were expanded.
The same order led a languid life in the palace until the late eighteenth century, when the old Gothic palace was expanded on the Levant side.
In the War of Independence it was looted and burned by Napoleonic troops, becoming a peasant house, already known to reason by the Manyosa.
During the last century, new modifications were produced in the structure of the house, demolishing the walled enclosure, the battlements and machicolations and deteriorating the noble parts of the beautiful `palace, largely as a consequence of having fortified a Carlist band there; the old Romanesque chapel was totally destroyed.
After one hundred years, in 1980, the owner of the house linked to the Manyosa for generations, Mr. Josep Mª Roger i Amat, has undertaken the noble task of completely rebuilding the old monumental complex and has started with the chapel, which It has been directed and decorated in fresco by the Artist Carles Arola, who has reflected in his murals the historical and legendary past of the region; under the gaze of Pantocrator, of a Romanesque figure, a medieval world is developed, on the one hand, the Templars as an order historically and legendarily linked here, and, on the other, tradition says that the Holy Grail was hidden here for a few years, until that was transferred to San Juan de la Peña, for which we see the figure of Percival accompanied by the legends of the Knights of the Holy Grail.
As of July 2005, the farmhouse called La Manyosa changes owners, managed by the La Manyosa Cultural Association, which in turn continues to carry out restoration and repair work on the inside and outside of the house, up to the state current of it.